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The impact of mobile health applications on the outcomes of patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Chronic kidney disease is one of the main causes of mortality worldwide. It affects more than 800 million patients globally, accounting for approximately 10% of the general population. The significant burden of the disease prompts healthcare systems to implement adequate preventive and therapeutic measures. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to provide a concise summary of the findings published in the existing body of research about the influence that mobile health technology has on the outcomes of patients with the disease. A comprehensive systematic literature review was conducted from inception until March 1st, 2023. This systematic review and meta-analysis included all clinical trials that compared the efficacy of mobile app-based educational programs to that of more conventional educational treatment for the patients. Eleven papers were included in the current analysis, representing 759 CKD patients. 381 patients were randomly assigned to use the mobile apps, while 378 individuals were assigned to the control group. The mean systolic blood pressure was considerably lower in the mobile app group (MD -4.86; 95%-9.60, -0.13; p=0.04). Meanwhile, the mean level of satisfaction among patients who used the mobile app was considerably greater (MD 0.75; 95% CI 0.03, 1.46; p=0.04). Additionally, the mean self-management scores in the mobile app groups were significantly higher (SMD 0.534; 95% CI 0.201, 0.867; p=0.002). Mobile health applications are potentially valuable interventions for patients. This technology improved the self-management of the disease, reducing the mean levels of systolic blood pressure with a high degree of patient satisfaction.

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Author:Muhammad Thesa Ghozali, Satibi Satibi, Gerhard FortwengelORCiDGND
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.25122/jml-2023-0153
Parent Title (English):Journal of Medicine and Life
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2023
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2024/01/08
Tag:chronic kidney disease; meta-analysis; mobile health apps; self-management
GND Keyword:Chronische Niereninsuffizienz; App <Programm>; Selbstmanagement; Metaanalyse
First Page:1299
Last Page:1309
Link to catalogue:1885958994
Institutes:Fakult├Ąt III - Medien, Information und Design
DDC classes:610 Medizin, Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International