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Optimized supervisory control of a combined heat and power plant by mixed-integer nonlinear model predictive control

  • The increasing variety of combinations of different building technology components offers a high potential for energy and cost savings in today's buildings. However, in most cases, this potential is not yet fully exploited due to the lack of intelligent supervisory control systems that are required to manage the complexity of the resulting overall systems. In this article, we present the implementation of a mixed-integer nonlinear model predictive control approach as a smart realtime building energy management system. The presented methodology is based on a forward-looking optimization of the overall energy costs. It takes into account energy demand forecasts and varying electricity market prices. We achieve real-time capability of the controller by applying a decomposition approach, which approximates the optimal solution of the underlying mixed-integer optimal control problem by convexification and rounding of the relaxed solution. The quality of the suboptimal solution is evaluated by comparison with the globally optimal solution obtained by the dynamic programming method. Based on a real-world scenario, we demonstrate that utilization of the real-time capable mixedinteger nonlinear model predictive control approach in a building control system leads to savings of 16% in the total operating costs and 13% in primary energy compared to the state-of-the-art control strategy without any loss of comfort for the residents.

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Author:Dimitri BitnerORCiD, Artyom BurdaORCiD, Martin GrotjahnORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):NEIS 2021
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of Completion:2021
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2024/01/22
Tag:NMPC; combined heat and power; dynamic programming; energy management; mixed-integer programming
GND Keyword:Energiemanagement; Nichtlineare modellprädiktive Regelung; Gemischt-ganzzahlige Optimierung; Energieeinsparung
First Page:77
Last Page:83
Institutes:Fakultät II - Maschinenbau und Bioverfahrenstechnik
DDC classes:620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Licence (German):License LogoUrheberrechtlich geschützt