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A Comprehensive Analysis of the Penetration of Detailed Type 4 Wind Turbine Generators in the Two-Area Benchmark System

  • The shift towards RES introduces challenges related to power system stability due to the characteristics of inverter-based resources (IBRs) and the intermittent nature of renewable resources. This paper addresses these challenges by conducting comprehensive time and frequency simulations on the IEEE two-area benchmark power system with detailed type 4 wind turbine generators (WTGs), including turbines, generators, converters, filters, and controllers. The simulations analyse small-signal and transient stability, considering variations in active and reactive power, short-circuit events, and wind variations. Metrics such as rate of change of frequency (RoCoF), frequency nadir, percentage of frequency variation, and probability density function (PDF) are used to evaluate the system performance. The findings emphasise the importance of including detailed models of RES in stability analyses and demonstrate the impact of RES penetration on power system dynamics. This study contributes to a deeper understanding of RES integration challenges and provides insights for ensuring the reliable and secure operation of power systems in the presence of high levels of RES penetration.

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Metadaten
Author:Rodrigo TrentiniORCiD, Rüdiger KutznerORCiD, John J. A. SaldanhaORCiD, Ademir NiedORCiD, Tiago Jackson May DezuoORCiD, Mariana Santos Matos CavalcaORCiD
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:960-opus4-29208
DOI:https://doi.org/10.25968/opus-2920
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.3390/en16134970
ISSN:1996-1073
Parent Title (English):Energies
Publisher:MDPI
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2023
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2023/07/24
Tag:inverter-based resources; penetration of RES; renewable energy sources; two-area benchmark system; wind turbine generator
GND Keyword:Erneuerbare Energien; Netzstabilität <Elektrische Energietechnik>; Windturbine
Volume:16
Issue:13
Article Number:4970
Link to catalogue:1858252342
Institutes:Fakultät I - Elektro- und Informationstechnik
DDC classes:620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International