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Do patients with lactose intolerance exhibit more frequent comorbidities than patients without lactose intolerance? An analysis of routine data from German medical practices

  • Background: The increase in food intolerances poses a burgeoning problem in our society. Food intolerances not only lead to physical impairment of the individual patient but also result in a high socio-economic burden due to factors such as the treatment required as well as absenteeism. The present study aimed to explore whether lactose intolerant (LI) patients exhibit more frequent comorbidities than non-LI patients. Methods: The study was conducted on a case-control basis and the results were determined using routine data analysis. Routine data from the IMS Disease Analyzer database were used for this purpose. A total of 6,758 data records were processed and analyzed. Results: There were significant correlations between LI and the incidence of osteoporosis, changes in mental status, and the presence of additional food intolerances. Comparing 3,379 LI vs. 3,379 non-LI patients, 34.5% vs. 17.7% (P<0.0001) suffered from abdominal pain; 30.6% vs. 17.2% (P<0.0001) from gastrointestinal infections; and 20.9% vs. 16.0% (P=0.0053) from depression. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) were the highest for fructose intolerance (n=229 LI vs. n=7 non-LI; OR 31.06; P<0.0001), irritable bowel syndrome (n=247 LI vs. n=44 non-LI; OR 5.23; P<0.0001), and bloating (n=351 LI vs. n=68 non-LI; OR 4.94; P<0.0001). Conclusion: The study confirms that LI should not be regarded as an isolated illness but considered a possible trigger for further diseases. Additional research is necessary to assert more precise statements.

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Metadaten
Author:Rebecca Schiffner, Karel Kostev, Holger GotheORCiDGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:960-opus4-27324
DOI:https://doi.org/10.25968/opus-2732
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.20524/aog.2016.0009
ISSN:1792-7463
Parent Title (English):Annals of Gastroenterology
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2016
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2023/06/14
Tag:Lactose intolerance; comorbidity; health services research; maldigestion; routine data
GND Keyword:Lactoseintoleranz; Sekundärkrankheit
Volume:29
Issue:2
First Page:174
Last Page:179
Link to catalogue:1858506514
Institutes:Fakultät III - Medien, Information und Design
DDC classes:610 Medizin, Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-ND - Namensnennung - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International