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Effects of strategies to improve general practitioner-nurse collaboration and communication in regard to hospital admissions of nursing home residents (interprof ACT): study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial

  • Background In Germany, up to 50% of nursing home residents are admitted to a hospital at least once a year. It is often unclear whether this is beneficial or even harmful. Successful interprofessional collaboration and communication involving general practitioners (GPs) and nurses may improve medical care of nursing home residents. In the previous interprof study, the six-component intervention package interprof ACT was developed to facilitate collaboration of GPs and nurses in nursing homes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the interprof ACT intervention. Methods This multicentre, cluster randomised controlled trial compares nursing homes receiving the interprof ACT intervention package for a duration of 12 months (e.g. comprising appointment of mutual contact persons, shared goal setting, standardised GPs’ home visits) with a control group (care as usual). A total of 34 nursing homes are randomised, and overall 680 residents recruited. The intervention package is presented in a kick-off meeting to GPs, nurses, residents/relatives or their representatives. Nursing home nurses act as change agents to support local adaption and implementation of the intervention measures. Primary outcome is the cumulative incidence of hospitalisation within 12 months. Secondary outcomes include admissions to hospital, days admitted to hospital, use of other medical services, prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication and quality of life. Additionally, health economic and a mixed methods process evaluation will be performed. Discussion This study investigates a complex intervention tailored to local needs of nursing homes. Outcomes reflect the healthcare and health of nursing home residents, as well as the feasibility of the intervention package and its impact on interprofessional communication and collaboration. Because of its systematic development and its flexible nature, interprof ACT is expected to be viable for large-scale implementation in routine care services regardless of local organisational conditions and resources available for medical care for nursing home residents on a regular basis. Recommendations will be made for an improved organisation of primary care for nursing home residents. In addition, the results may provide important knowledge and data for the development and evaluation of further strategies to improve outpatient care for elderly care-receivers.

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Author:Christiane MüllerORCiD, Berit Hesjedal-Streller, Nina FleischmannORCiDGND, Britta Tetzlaff, Tina Mallon, Martin Scherer, Sascha Köpke, Katrin Balzer, Linda Gärtner, Indre Maurer, Tim Friede, Hans-Helmut König, Eva Hummers
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04736-x
Parent Title (English):Trials
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2020
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2023/03/30
Tag:Interprofessional relations; Nursing homes; Physician-nurse
GND Keyword:Pflegeheim; Kooperation; Hausarzt; Pflegepersonal
Article Number:913
Page Number:14
Link to catalogue:1847891071
Institutes:Fakultät V - Diakonie, Gesundheit und Soziales
DDC classes:610 Medizin, Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International