Volltext-Downloads (blau) und Frontdoor-Views (grau)

Streptococcus dysgalactiae — Contagious or Environmental?

  • Streptococcus dysgalactiae is among the most important pathogens causing bovine mastitis. Unfortunately, there is presently a lack of clear knowledge about the mode of transmission — contagious or environmental — of this pathogen. To obtain more information on this, knowledge of the genetic diversity of the isolated microorganisms at the farm level can be useful. To observe the strain variety in different herds of cattle, isolates of Strep. dysgalactiae were collected from clinical mastitis samples at different farms, and the strains were typed using the pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) method. Overall, we performed strain typing on 93 isolates from 16 farms in Germany and used an index to describe the degree of contagiosity of Strep. dysgalactiae at each farm. This index (CI) represents the number of isolates divided by the number of strains found in mastitis milk of clinical cases within a period of 14 months. The results differed between the farms. In one farm, all six Strep. dysgalactiae cases that occurred during the study period were caused by a single strain (CI = 6), while in another farm the six cases that occurred were caused by five different strains (CI = 1.2). All other farms fell between these two extremes. This indicates that Strep. dysgalactiae infections can occur via several routes of transmission. At the farm level, strain comparisons are necessary to determine the routes of transmission. Two strains were able to survive on the farm for a minimum of 14 months.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Search Google Scholar


Author:Nicole Wente, Volker KrömkerORCiDGND
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112185
Parent Title (English):Animals
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2020
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2020/11/23
Tag:PFGE; contagious; environmental
GND Keyword:Streptococcus dysgalactiae; Pulsfeld-Gelelektrophorese
Gefördert mit Mitteln des DFG-Fonds 2020.
Link to catalogue:1758117443
Institutes:Fakultät II - Maschinenbau und Bioverfahrenstechnik
DDC classes:630 Landwirtschaft, Veterinärmedizin
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International