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Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile Based Carbon Nanofibers: The Role of Creep Stress towards Cyclization and Graphitization

  • The properties of these carbon nanostructures are determined by the structure and orientation of the graphitic domains during pyrolysis of carbon precursors. In this work, we investigated systematically the impact of creep stress during the stabilization process on the cyclization and molecular orientation of polyacrylonitrile as well as the graphitized structure after high temperature carbonization. Therefore, polyacrylonitrile (PAN) is electrospun and then stabilized with and without application of creep stress at different temperatures. The effect of creep stress on cyclization was monitored via Fourier transform IR spectroscopy (FTIR) and it was found that the degree of cyclization varies with the application of creep stress during the initial stages of cyclization at low temperatures (190°C and 210°C) in contrast to cyclization done at higher temperature (230°C). Herman molecular orientation factor was evaluated by polarized FTIR for PAN nanofibers cyclized with and without creep stress at 230°C-10 h. Subsequently, carbonization was performed at 1000°C and 1200°C for nanofibers cyclized at 230°C-10 h. Our results from XRD and Raman spectroscopy shows that the degree of graphitization and ordering of graphitic domains was enhanced for PAN nanofibers that were creep stressed during the cyclization process, even though both PAN nanofibers cyclized with creep stress and without creep stress showed the same amount of cyclized material. This increased degree of graphitization can be tracked to application of creep stress during the stabilization process which obviously favors the formation of sp2-hybridized carbon planes in the carbonization process. This finding highlights the impact of mechanical stress linking the cyclization of PAN nanofibers to graphitization. Our results will pave the way for a deeper understanding of mechano-chemical processes to fabricate well-aligned graphitic domains which improves the mechanical and electrical properties of CNFs.

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Author:Annas Bin AliORCiD, Bastian Dreyer, Franz Renz, Christoph Tegenkamp, Ralf SindelarGND
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.4172/2169-0022.1000493
Parent Title (English):Journal of Material Sciences and Engineering
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2018
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2020/03/11
Tag:Cyclization; Graphitization; Polyacrylonitrile
Carbon nanofibers
GND Keyword:Polyacrylnitril
Link to catalogue:169234949X
Institutes:Fakultät II - Maschinenbau und Bioverfahrenstechnik
DDC classes:660 Technische Chemie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International