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LCA and Eco-Design : Consequential and Attributional Approaches for Biobased Plastics

  • Against the background of climate change and finite fossil resources, bio-based plastics have been in the focus of research for the last decade and were identified as a promising alternative to fossil-based plastics. Now, with an evolving bio-based plastic market and application range, the environmental advantages of bio-based plastic have come to the fore and identified as crucial by different stakeholders. While the majority of assessments for bio-based plastics are carried out based on attributional life cycle assessment, there have been only few consequential studies done in this area. Also, the application of eco-design strategies has not been in the focus for the bio-based products due to the prevailing misconceptions of renewable materials (as feedstock for bio-based plastics) considered in itself as an ‘eco-design strategy’. In this paper, we discuss the life cycle assessment as well as eco-design strategies of a bio-based product taking attributional as well as consequential approaches into account.

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Author:Venkateshwaran Venkatachalam, Sebastian Spierling, Rafael Horn, Hans-Josef EndresGND
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2017.11.086
Parent Title (English):Procedia CIRP
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of Completion:2018
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2018/09/26
Tag:attributional LCA; consequential LCA; life-cycle-assessment
bio-based plastics; eco-design
GND Keyword:Biokunststoff; Umweltbilanz
First Page:579
Last Page:584
25th CIRP Life Cycle Engineering (LCE) Conference, 30 April – 2 May 2018, Copenhagen, Denmark
Link to catalogue:1758360976
Institutes:Fakultät II - Maschinenbau und Bioverfahrenstechnik
DDC classes:620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International