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Prevention of Intramammary Infections by Prepartum External Application of a Teat Dip Containing Lactic Acid Bacteria with Antimicrobial Properties in Dairy Heifers

  • The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of the prepartum external treatment of teats with a combination of four lactic acid bacteria strains viz. Lactobacillus (Lb.) rhamnosus ATCC 7469, Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis ATCC 11454, Lb. paracasei 78/37 (DSM 26911), and Lb. plantarum 118/37 (DSM 26912) on the postcalving udder health of dairy heifers. The study used a split-udder design. Two weeks before the expected calving date, one of two contralateral teats of a teat pair was dipped with an aqueous suspension of lactic acid bacteria (final bacterial counts 8.40–8.47 log10-transformed CFU/mL) once in a week until calving; the other teat of the pair was not treated. After calving, quarter foremilk samples were taken and investigated cyto-microbiologically. In total, 629 teat pairs of 319 heifers were included. There was an association between the treatment and intramammary infections caused by the major udder-pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, and enterococci, as well as clinical mastitis in the first 100 days after calving. The present study indicates that intramammary infections with major pathogens and clinical mastitis may be prevented by regular prepartum external application of lactic acid bacteria in dairy heifers.

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Metadaten
Author:Jan-Hendrik PaduchGND, Johanna Lücking, Elisabeth Mansion-de Vries, Claudia Zinke, Nicole Wente, Volker KrömkerORCiDGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:960-opus4-16373
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9040288
ISSN:2076-0817
Parent Title (English):Pathogens
Publisher:MDPI
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2020
Release Date:2020/04/16
Tag:dairy heifers; intramammary infections; lactic acid bacteria; prevention
GND Keyword:Brustdrüsenentzündung; Färse; Milchsäurebakterien; Prävention
Volume:9
Issue:4
Link to catalogue:1694714845
Institutes:Fakultät II - Maschinenbau und Bioverfahrenstechnik
DDC classes:630 Landwirtschaft, Veterinärmedizin
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International