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Links between maternal postpartum depressive symptoms, maternal distress, infant gender and sensitivity in a high-risk population

  • Background Maternal postpartum depression has an impact on mother-infant interaction. Mothers with depression display less positive affect and sensitivity in interaction with their infants compared to non-depressed mothers. Depressed women also show more signs of distress and difficulties adjusting to their role as mothers than non-depressed women. In addition, depressive mothers are reported to be affectively more negative with their sons than with daughters. Methods A non-clinical sample of 106 mother-infant dyads at psychosocial risk (poverty, alcohol or drug abuse, lack of social support, teenage mothers and maternal psychic disorder) was investigated with EPDS (maternal postpartum depressive symptoms), the CARE-Index (maternal sensitivity in a dyadic context) and PSI-SF (maternal distress). The baseline data were collected when the babies had reached 19 weeks of age. Results A hierarchical regression analysis yielded a highly significant relation between the PSI-SF subscale "parental distress" and the EPDS total score, accounting for 55% of the variance in the EPDS. The other variables did not significantly predict the severity of depressive symptoms. A two-way ANOVA with "infant gender" and "maternal postpartum depressive symptoms" showed no interaction effect on maternal sensitivity. Conclusions Depressive symptoms and maternal sensitivity were not linked. It is likely that we could not find any relation between both variables due to different measuring methods (self-reporting and observation). Maternal distress was strongly related to maternal depressive symptoms, probably due to the generally increased burden in the sample, and contributed to 55% of the variance of postpartum depressive symptoms.

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Metadaten
Author:Anna Sidor, Elisabeth Kunz, Daniel Schweyer, Andreas EickhorstGND, Manfred Cierpka
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:960-opus4-16929
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.1186/1753-2000-5-7
ISSN:1753-2000
Parent Title (English):Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2011
Release Date:2020/06/25
Tag:Depressive Symptom Scale; Edinburgh Postnatal Depression; Maternal Depression; Maternal Depressive Symptom; Postpartum Depression
GND Keyword:Wochenbettdepression; Mutter; Kind
Volume:5
Institutes:Fakultät V - Diakonie, Gesundheit und Soziales
DDC classes:150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 2.0