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Self-medication practices in urban and rural areas of western India: a cross sectional study

  • Background: Concerns about practice of self-medication (SM) world across are based on associated risks such as adverse reactions, disease masking, increased morbidity, wastage of resources and antibiotic resistance. SM is likely to differ between rural and urban areas of India. Systematically retrieved evidence on these differences are required in order to design targeted measures for improvement. Methods: We conducted a cross sectional study among the general population in urban (Matunga) and rural (Tala) areas of Maharashtra, India to explore SM practices and its associated factors. Face to face interviews were conducted using the validated study questionnaire. Data was analyzed by using descriptive and analytical statistical methods. Results: A total of 1523 inhabitants from 462 households were interviewed between [June/2015] and [August /2015], 778 (51%) of them in rural and 745 (49%) in urban areas. Overall self-medication prevalence was 29.1% (urban; 51.5%, rural; 7.7%, OR 12.7, CI 9.4-17.2) in the study participants. Participants having chronic disease (OR: 3.15, CI: 2.07-4.79) and from urban areas (OR:15.38, CI:8.49-27.85) were more likely to self-medicate. Self-medication practices were characterized by having old prescription (41.6%) as the main reason, fever (39.4%) as top indication and NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Agents) as the most self-medicated category of drugs (40.7%). Conclusions: The present study documented that the prevalence of self-medication is associated with place of residence, and health status of the study participants. Self-medication is still a major issue in western Maharashtra, India and is majorly an urban phenomenon. Status of implementation of existing regulations should be reconsidered.

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Metadaten
Author:Dnyanesh Limaye, Vaidehi Limaye, Gerhard Fortwengel, Gerard Krause
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:960-opus4-13406
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182596
ISSN:2394-6040
Parent Title (English):International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2018
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2019/05/29
Tag:India; Maharashtra; Matunga; Mumbai; Raigad; Self-medication; Tala
GND Keyword:Indien; Ländlicher Raum; Selbstmedikation; Stadt
Volume:2018
Issue:5(7)
First Page:2672
Last Page:2685
Institutes:Fakultät III - Medien, Information und Design
DDC classes:610 Medizin, Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell 4.0 International