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Resistance of Injection Molded Wood-Polypropylene Composites against Basidiomycetes According to EN 15534-1 : New Insights on the Test Procedure, Structural Alterations, and Impact of Wood Source

  • In this study, we investigated injection molded wood-polypropylene composites based on various wood sources and their decay resistance against white rot (Trametes versicolor) and brown rot (Coniophora puteana) in a laboratory test according to EN 15534-1:2014. The manufactured composites consisted of poplar (Populus spp.), willow (Salix spp.), European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.), and a commercial wood source (Arbocel® C100), respectively. All formulations were compounded on a co-rotating twin screw extruder and subsequently injection molded to wood–PP specimens with a wood content of 60% or 70% by weight. It was found that the test procedure had a significant effect on the mechanical properties. Loss in mechanical properties was primarily caused by moisture and less by fungal decay. Moisture caused a loss in the modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity of 34 to 45% and 29 to 73%, respectively. Mean mass and wood mass losses were up to a maximum of 3.7% and 5.3%, respectively. The high resistance against fungal decay was generally attributed to the encapsulation of wood by the polymer matrix caused by sample preparation, and enhanced by reduced moisture uptake during the preconditioning procedure. Notable differences with respect to the wood particle source and decay fungi were also observed. Structural characterization confirmed the decay pattern of the fungi such as void cavities close the surface and the deposition of calcium oxalates.

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Metadaten
Author:Kim Christian Krause, Christian Brischke, Tim Koddenberg, Andreas Buschalsky, Holger Militz, Andreas Krause
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:960-opus4-15304
DOI original:https://doi.org/10.3390/fib7100092
ISSN:2079-6439
Parent Title (English):Fibers
Publisher:MDPI
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2019
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2020/01/07
Tag:EN 15534-1; WPC; basidiomycetes; durability test; mechanical properties; wood–moisture interaction; wood–polypropylene composite; x-ray micro-computed tomography
GND Keyword:Mechanische Eigenschaft; Wood-Plastic-Composite
Volume:7
Issue:10
Link to catalogue:1687978778
DDC classes:660 Technische Chemie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International