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“We Need To Talk About ChatGPT”: The Future of AI and Higher Education

  • On November 30th, 2022, OpenAI released the large language model ChatGPT, an extension of GPT-3. The AI chatbot provides real-time communication in response to users’ requests. The quality of ChatGPT’s natural speaking answers marks a major shift in how we will use AI-generated information in our day-to-day lives. For a software engineering student, the use cases for ChatGPT are manifold: assessment preparation, translation, and creation of specified source code, to name a few. It can even handle more complex aspects of scientific writing, such as summarizing literature and paraphrasing text. Hence, this position paper addresses the need for discussion of potential approaches for integrating ChatGPT into higher education. Therefore, we focus on articles that address the effects of ChatGPT on higher education in the areas of software engineering and scientific writing. As ChatGPT was only recently released, there have been no peer-reviewed articles on the subject. Thus, we performed a structured grey literature review using Google Scholar to identify preprints of primary studies. In total, five out of 55 preprints are used for our analysis. Furthermore, we held informal discussions and talks with other lecturers and researchers and took into account the authors’ test results from using ChatGPT. We present five challenges and three opportunities for the higher education context that emerge from the release of ChatGPT. The main contribution of this paper is a proposal for how to integrate ChatGPT into higher education in four main areas.

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Author:Michael NeumannORCiD, Maria RauschenbergerORCiD, Eva-Maria SchönORCiD
Document Type:Preprint
Year of Completion:2023
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Release Date:2023/03/09
Tag:AI influences; ChatGPT; GPT-3; higher education; large language model; position paper
GND Keyword:Chatbot; Tertiärbereich; Künstliche Intelligenz
Page Number:4
Preprint not available anymore after the acceptance of this paper by IEEE.

Please see https://doi.org/10.25968/opus-2978 for the download of the peer-reviewed author's manuscript of this paper.
Link to catalogue:184168807X
Institutes:Fakultät IV - Wirtschaft und Informatik
DDC classes:004 Informatik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-SA - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 4.0 International