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A Comparison of healthy people 2020 – LHI topics between student populations within the USA, Germany, and Poland

  • As noted by Roman poet Virgil already more than 2,000 years ago: “The greatest wealth is health.”. Without health, there is no happiness, no peace, and no success according to the Reflections Recovery Center from Arizona, United States (USA, U.S.). The goal of the Healthy People 2020-project (HP2020), which is led by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), was to “promote quality life, healthy development, and health behaviors across all life stages” among the U.S. population. HP2020 measures progress by using so-called Leading Health Indicators (LHI), reliable data sources, baseline values as well as targets for LHI-individual improvements for every measurable objective to be achieved by 2020 and each following decade. In the further course, these values were compared to student populations from the U.S., Germany, and Poland. The goal of this master's thesis was to obtain more data on international health, particularly among student populations. For the statistical analysis, data were obtained from an online survey that was distributed to students in at least one university in each of the three countries. In total, data from 380 students were analyzed in terms of HP2020 goal attainment. To determine if statistically significant differences were present, the z-test was used. The biggest differences emerged on the following topics: access to healthcare, environmental quality, obesity as well as reproductive and sexual health.

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Author:Wiktoria Kaczmarek-Sondej
URN:urn:nbn:de:bsz:960-opus4-18554
DOI:https://doi.org/10.25968/opus-1855
Advisor:Gerhard FortwengelORCiDGND, Barbara Hewitt
Document Type:Master's Thesis
Language:English
Year of Completion:2021
Publishing Institution:Hochschule Hannover
Granting Institution:Hochschule Hannover, Fakultät III - Medien, Information und Design
Date of final exam:2021/02/04
Release Date:2021/02/22
Tag:Statistik; Vergleich
Healthy People 2020; Leading Health Indicators; z-Test
GND Keyword:Gesundheit; Student; USA; Deutschland; Polen
Institutes:Fakultät III - Medien, Information und Design
DDC classes:610 Medizin, Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International